South Shore - Chicago neighborhood

Now let's take a look at the popular SOUTH SHORE  neighborhood.
Most of this neighborhood information was contributed by
Wikipedia. The Wikipedia article may be viewed in its
entirety by
clicking here.

SOUTH SHORE  is located on the South Side of Chicago.
It is about nine miles south east of downtown.  

South Shore is one of 77 well-defined community areas of the city of Chicago, Illinois, in the
United States. A large neighborhood located along Chicago's southern lakefront, it is a
relatively stable neighborhood. Notable former residents of this neighborhood include rapper
Kanye West, software executive Larry Ellison, molecular biologist James D. Watson, and First
Lady Michelle Obama.

Many residents from other areas of the city have resided within South Shore because of its
benefits: its location along the waterfront, its accessibility to Lake Shore Drive, and its
proximity to major institutions and attractions such as the University of Chicago, the Museum
of Science and Industry, and huge Jackson Park. Several mixed-use revitalization plans are
being considered for South Shore

Jackson Park Highlands is an area within the South Shore community that consists of large
well-manicured homes.

South Shore is Community Area 43, 9 miles (14 km) southeast of the Loop. A 1939
description of South Shore stating that it was "predominantly middle class—upper middle
class, to be sure, but not social register," offers an apt though antiquated characterization of
this South Side community. Though the class gap among its residents has at times run quite
wide, for most of its history South Shore has been a solidly middle-class enclave. The area,
bounded by 67th and 79th streets to the north and south and by Stony Island Avenue and
Lake Michigan to the east and west, was mostly swampland in the 1850s when Ferdinand
Rohn, a German truck farmer, utilized trails along the area's high ground to transport his
goods to Chicago.

Before the community came to be known as South Shore in the 1920s, it was a collection of
settlements in southern Hyde Park Township. The names of these settlements—Essex, Bryn
Mawr, Parkside, Cheltenham Beach, and Windsor Park—indicate the British heritage of the
Illinois Central Railroad and steel mill workers who had come to inhabit them. Most of these
settlements were already in place when the Illinois Central built the South Kenwood Station
in 1881 at what is now 71st and Jeffrey Boulevard.

As with many South Side Chicago communities, the two events that sparked commercial and
residential development were annexation to Chicago in 1889 and the World's Columbian
Exposition in 1893. The location of the fair in nearby Jackson Park prompted the sale of land
and building lots and subsequently a housing explosion.

By the late 1990s South Shore had reemerged as a solidly middle-class community.
Although the commercial strips on 71st and 75th still struggled, developers built a shopping
plaza at 71st and Jeffery which is relatively successful. The cultural life of the area has been
enhanced since the Park District purchased the waning South Shore Country Club in 1972,
converting it into a cultural center. South Shore remains a destination for some who desire a
congenial middle-class community on Chicago's South Side. The South Shore Current
Magazine was launched with a mission to share the "Good News from Chicago's Cultural
Soul Coast." The masthead reads: "Thriving as a catalyst for economic development,
reflecting a truthful image, and a virtual meeting place for the South Shore Community."

Jackson Park Highlands

The Jackson Park Highlands District is a historic district in the South Shore community area
of Chicago. The district was built in 1905 by various architects. It was designated a Chicago
Landmark on October 25, 1989. It is regarded as one of the South Side's upper-middle to
affluent neighborhoods; others being Hyde Park, Kenwood, Bridgeport, Beverly, Mount
Greenwood, and the western section of Morgan Park, and parts of Chatham. Jackson Park
Highlands has homes that feature large front yard setbacks and lots 50 feet (15 m) wide. The
area takes its name from a ridge that formerly overlooked Jackson Park. Architectural styles
represented in this district include American Foursquare, Classical Revival, Queen Anne,
Dutch Colonial, Colonial Revival, Tudor, and Prairie School.

The neighborhood is roughly bounded by East 67th Street to the north, East 71st Street to the
south, Cregier (named for the former Chicago mayor) to the west and Euclid (named for the
famed mathematician) to the east. The neighborhood has numerous cul-de-sacs with limited
vehicular access. Directly north of the neighborhood lies the 18-hole Jackson Park Golf
Course, a part of the Chicago Park District's Jackson Park, the third largest park in the city
and home of the 1893 Columbian World Exposition. To the south lies Metra rail's Electric
Line. To the east lies Jeffrey Boulevard and the rest of the South Shore neighborhood.

The neighborhood was commissioned in the early 20th century. Its initial purpose was as a
collection of model homes that would overlook the prized Jackson Park, which had hosted
the World's Fair less than a decade prior. The neighborhood featured (and still does) some
of the most innovative concepts of the time, including large front yard setbacks, 50-foot (15 m)
lot widths, underground utilities, and no alleys. When Chicago annexed Hyde Park just in
time for the 1890 census (to beat out Philadelphia as the second largest metro area in the
nation), the Highlands were left under governorship of the South Shore area.

At the time of the Second World War, the neighborhood saw a huge loss in population, and a
destruction of the area was suggested. With the arrival of the 1970s, the neighborhood again
began to rise as a major thoroughfare of South Side luxury. It was designated a Chicago
Landmark on October 25, 1989. Houses now range from the $300,000 mark upwards to
about $1.5 million. Famous residents have included members of the Whitehall family, Jesse
Jackson, Ramsey Lewis, Bo Diddley, Enrico Fermi, and Gale Sayers.

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